Originally, inhabitants of Ireland. the Scots began to settle in western coastal areas of Britain during the 4th and 5th centuries, and many Scots who came from Dalriada (a kingdom in modern day County Antrim in northern Ireland) settled in modern Argyllshire. In about 500 ad Fergus, king of Dalriada, moved to Argyllshire, because the colony had become more important than, (and also taken the name of) the parent kingdom. Through their conquest of the Picts in the 9th century and their later expansion into Lothian and Strathclyde the kings of Scots gave their name to the kingdom of Scotia and, later, of Scotland.

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