Iowa Class Battleship

Continuing concern that Japan was constructing battleships exceeding the 35,000-ton treaty limit caused the United States, together with the co-signatories United Kingdom and France, to agree (in June 1938) to raise the limit to 45,000 tons. Contingency work had already commenced on such ships, allowing orders to be placed exactly one year later.

All extra 10,000 tons were allocated to improve speed and protection, with main and secondary armament effectively identical; in scope and disposition. The first four units were laid down in the seven months between June 1940 and January 1941. The fifth and sixth ships of the class were delayed until December 1944 and January 1945 respectively because of other building priorities. Inevitably, so late in the war, they were never completed. Kentucky was actually launched but plans for her completion with a guided-missile armament came to naught.

Completed in 1943/4 the surviving quartette formed the 'Fast battleship' division of the Pacific Fleet. Halsey's poor judgment during the Leyte Gulf battles saw them miss their only real chance to prove themselves in surface action. Only Missouri was ever damaged, and that by a single Kamikaze.

Pages with the same tags

Page Tags
HMS Condor warships
USS R-3 (SS-80) warships
Italian Battleship Giulio Cesare battleship warships
USS Tennessee (BB-43) battleship tennessee warships
HMS Cossack warships
Hull Classification Symbol classifications warships
Heavy cruiser warships
IJN Mikasa battleship warships
Pre-Dreadnought battleship warships
Admiral Class Battlecruiser warships
page 1 of 3123next »
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under GNU Free Documentation License.