Debellatio (also debellation) (Late Latin "Defeating, or the act of conquering or subduing", literally "warring (the enemy) down", from Latin bellum "war") designates the end of a war caused by complete destruction of a hostile state. In some cases debellation ends with a complete dissolution and annexation of the defeated state into the victor's national territory, as happened at the end of the Third Punic War with the defeat of Carthage by Rome in the second century BC.

The unconditional surrender of the Third Reich – in the strict sense only the German Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) – at the end of World War II has been cited as a case of Debellatio as it ended with the complete breakup of the German Empire, including all offices and territories, and two completely new states being created in its stead (Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic). This however is not the universal view and other authorities have argued that as most of the territory that made up Germany before the Anschluss was not annexed, and the population still existed, the vestiges of the German state continued to exist even though the Allied Control Council governed the territory; and that eventually a fully sovereign German government resumed over a state that never ceased to exist.

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