The MBB1 Kormoran Anti Shipping Missile (AShM) is carried primarily by the Tornados of the German navy and Italian air force, but in its earliest Mk 1 form was also launched by F-104 Starfighters. The Kormoran is 14 ft 5 in (4.40 m) long and in Mk 1 form has a 386 lb (165 kg) warhead. The missile entered service in 1977 and was superseded from 1991 by the Kormoran 2, which had improved digital electronics and an enlarged 585 lb (220 kg) warhead. The range of the Kormoran 2 is approximately 22 miles (35 km). Like the similar Exocet, the Kormoran has a semi-armour piercing fragmentation /HE warhead, and has an impact fuse with a time delay function. This ensures that the weapon explodes within the target vessel rather than immediately upon striking it.
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