Anti Ship Missile

The outcome of sea battles has always depended, in large part on the ranges at which ships could detect each other, on weapon ranges, and on the ability of ships to absorb hits. The introduction of ironclad ships over a hundred years ago was followed by the development of armour-piercing ammunition for naval guns. The range of these guns was slowly extended to the range of the visual horizon, about 20 miles and then slightly beyond. Accuracy also improved. Aircraft first operated from ships to extend the range at which targets could be detected and identified-beyond the firing ships horizon, so that naval gunfire could be concentrated against them. Later, aircraft began to carry bombs and Torpedoes . However World War II proved surface ships to be particularly vulnerable to attack by aircraft, and the aircraft carrier becoming the pre-eminent ship of the line. As with naval guns earlier, the range of aircraft operating from ships was gradually increased. Their speed was improved by the introduction of jet engines in the late 1940s. This was followed by increase in the speed of, and altitude of, aircraft designed to fight either either other aircraft within RADAR range or carry bombs or torpedoes to strike at surface targets, on land or at sea.

Detection of Targets had been largely visual until World War II brought the newly invented RADAR and SONAR to the Navy’s warships and RADAR to aircraft. Such ship or airborne radars permitted detection of air targets far beyond the range of naval guns, and it was not long before guided missile anti–aircraft missiles such as “Tartar”, “Terrier” and “Talos” began to replace guns aboard US Navy ships during the late 1950s to take advantage of the larger detection range made electronically possible, and the greater accuracy of the missiles.

These defensive measures would lead naturally to the development of missiles that could directly attack enemy shipping far beyond the ranges (and with greater accuracy) that conventional naval guns could ever hope to achieve. Thus modern Warships have today largely replaced the large calibre naval gun of a bygone era with highly accurate long range missiles that can be targeted against any potential enemy’s naval vessels.

List of Modern Anti-Ship (SSM) missiles

CHETA Hy-2 Hongying / Hai Ying-“Seersucker”
CPMIEC YJ-1 Eagle Strike “Sardine”
CPMIEC YJ-82 “Saccade”

Aerospatiale Exocet

MBB As 34 Kormoran

OTO Melara Otomat /Teseo

Mitsubishi ASM-1

Kongsberg AGM-119 Penguin

Chlomey SS-N-29 “Shipwreck”
Mikoyan/Berezniak SS-N-2C “Styx”
Raduga SS-N-22 “Sunburn”
Zvezda 3M24 Uran (SS-N-25) “Switchblade”


Chung Shan Institute Hsiung Feng 2

United Kingdom
Mantra/BAed Sea Eagle
Mantra/BAed Sea Skua

McDonnell-Douglas Harpoon
AGM-123 Skipper II

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